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'News and Views from the World of Vedic Maths'

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At NIT- Kurukshetra |

Selfie time with the students |

The Workshop Hall |

According to the *Annual Status of Education Report*, *ASER*
2014, Only 2 out of 10 children in rural India in Std V can solve a 3
digit division sum according to Pratham ASER Report. 46.5 per cent of
rural children in Class V could not solve a two-digit subtraction
problem without seeking help. This numeracy problem is not limited to
India.

- It is estimated that 17 million adults living in the UK have the mathematics capabilities of an 11-year-old or younger.
- In the United States, elementary and middle school students continue to lag behind several East Asian and European nations in maths.
- In India in 2012, 46.5 per cent of rural children in Class V could not solve a two-digit subtraction problem without seeking help.
- South Africa ranks second to last in the world for education in mathematics.

Such is the havoc that maths has created across countries. Our children
can’t do math. This problem of numeracy makes our children math-phobic
which globally results in the numeracy levels in decline. This is a fact
that should give everyone involved in maths education grave cause for
concern.

One of the solutions to this numeracy problem could be the implementation of Vedic Mathematics. The Indian system of Vedic Mathematics could help make maths a more engaging subject. Vedic Mathematics is a method of speed calculation developed by the Indian Saint Shri Bharti Krishna Tirthaji in the early 20th Century. The methods are short and simple, which makes maths more appealing for children. Using the system, complex multiplications such as 98x97 can be solved in less than five seconds flat!

And it doesn’t finish there; Vedic Mathematics can be used to solve both simple equations and more difficult problems, including fractions, squares, algebra and even some trigonometry. The system works using 16 word formulas known as “Sutras”: short sayings that have various meanings and applications.

The practicality of a speed mathematics system such as Vedic Mathematics in the age of calculators could be debated. However, as part of a Government drive to boost standards, calculators have recently been banned in the UK English primary school maths exams; this demonstrates that there is still a place for mental arithmetic within the school system.

Prime Minister Modi also wants to give boost to Vedic maths and Says that they will make Vedic Maths an export.

“The ASER report has clearly mentioned and brought out the facts with respect to the decline in Maths levels in India. Vedic Maths can help student overcome challenges of maths education and can make it fun and engaging. We must support the initiative of Mr. Smriti Irani, HRD Minister, to introduce Vedic Maths in Curriculum.” Says Gaurav Tekriwal, President, Vedic Maths Forum India.

'Globally too Maths levels are on a serious decline and we have countries in Africa in worse condition than ours who are enjoying the Vedic Maths system. We must support our ministers who can help raise India's numeracy levels and also help raise its exports in the field.' - Tekriwal says.

Gaurav Tekriwal's organization Vedic Maths Forum India has already taken this system to over five countries and is currently in expansion mode in Africa. Mr. Tekriwal who recently won the Indiafrica Young Visionaries Fellowship in 2014, sponsored by the Ministry of External Affairs in India.

One of the solutions to this numeracy problem could be the implementation of Vedic Mathematics. The Indian system of Vedic Mathematics could help make maths a more engaging subject. Vedic Mathematics is a method of speed calculation developed by the Indian Saint Shri Bharti Krishna Tirthaji in the early 20th Century. The methods are short and simple, which makes maths more appealing for children. Using the system, complex multiplications such as 98x97 can be solved in less than five seconds flat!

And it doesn’t finish there; Vedic Mathematics can be used to solve both simple equations and more difficult problems, including fractions, squares, algebra and even some trigonometry. The system works using 16 word formulas known as “Sutras”: short sayings that have various meanings and applications.

The practicality of a speed mathematics system such as Vedic Mathematics in the age of calculators could be debated. However, as part of a Government drive to boost standards, calculators have recently been banned in the UK English primary school maths exams; this demonstrates that there is still a place for mental arithmetic within the school system.

Prime Minister Modi also wants to give boost to Vedic maths and Says that they will make Vedic Maths an export.

“The ASER report has clearly mentioned and brought out the facts with respect to the decline in Maths levels in India. Vedic Maths can help student overcome challenges of maths education and can make it fun and engaging. We must support the initiative of Mr. Smriti Irani, HRD Minister, to introduce Vedic Maths in Curriculum.” Says Gaurav Tekriwal, President, Vedic Maths Forum India.

'Globally too Maths levels are on a serious decline and we have countries in Africa in worse condition than ours who are enjoying the Vedic Maths system. We must support our ministers who can help raise India's numeracy levels and also help raise its exports in the field.' - Tekriwal says.

Gaurav Tekriwal's organization Vedic Maths Forum India has already taken this system to over five countries and is currently in expansion mode in Africa. Mr. Tekriwal who recently won the Indiafrica Young Visionaries Fellowship in 2014, sponsored by the Ministry of External Affairs in India.

It takes 11-year-old Aditya Ray only seconds to multiply a five-digit
number with a four-digit one. This, he says, is because of Vedic
mathematics, "which has made my calculations quicker and accurate". By
traditional method, Ray would have taken over a minute to get the
answer.

"It takes me around one and a half minutes to multiply such large
numbers using the conventional method. However, if I take the Vedic
maths route, I can solve it in 30 seconds," the Class 6 student told
IANS.

The Kolkata-based Ray added that while his school expects him to solve
problems using the traditional way, he at times uses Vedic maths to
cross check his answers.

Vedic mathematics, which came into focus after the Narendra Modi
government put emphasis on India's ancient and forgotten knowledge
systems, is a branch of mathematics based on 16 Sanskrit sutras (word
formulae) which make mathematical calculations 10-15 times faster as
compared to the traditional methods.

Discovered by Hindu seer Swami Bharati Krishna Tirthaji in the early
20th century, it is also said to be easy to remember, offers multiple
ways of doing the same calculation, creates inquisitiveness and improves
analytical thinking.

According to the School of Vedic Maths (SOVM), Tirthaji was born in 1884
in Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu. After completing his Master of Arts at
age 20, he was briefly a college principal. He quit that to embrace a
spiritual path. It was during deep meditation that he got inner
revelations on the 16 sutras from the appendix of Atharva Veda, one of
the four vedas, the ancient Indian spiritual and scholastic texts.
Tirthaji declared that any mathematical problem can be solved using
them.

Gaurav Tekriwal, president of the Vedic Math Forum India, said Vedic
maths was a collection of methods to calculate faster when compared to
the traditional methods.

"With a little practice in Vedic maths one can make mundane calculations
easier, simpler and quicker so much so that you can call it 'World's
Fastest Mental Maths System'. It has applications primarily in
arithmetic and algebra and hence is a favorite of competitive exam
aspirants who want to tackle maximum problems in less time," Tekriwal
told IANS.

The Forum holds online classes spread over 30 hours for students and 40 hours for teachers. The classes are one on one.

Pradeep Kumar, founder director of Magical Methods, which provides
training in Vedic maths, shared that using such calculations, finding
the square of any number ending with five becomes extremely easy.

"Say you want to find square of 85. You multiply 5 by 5 and put 25 as
your right part of the answer. Then, multiply 8 by the next higher
digit, 9, and put 72 as your left part of the answer. Your answer is
7,225," he said, adding the same formula can be used to find square of
any number ending with five.

The branch is slowly gaining popularity among students "because it is
very useful, especially for those planning to take competitive
examinations", Kumar said.

"Today, there are a lot of competitive exams. Speed is one of the key
factors to crack any exam which tests numerical ability. Vedic maths is a
very good tool. It gives a good sense of numbers for all working
professionals who do a lot of number-crunching in their jobs," Vinay
Nair, founder of School of Vedic Maths (SOVM), told IANS.

Nair added that from a teacher's point of view, it gives "immense
possibilities to explore learning mathematics from many angles and in
innovative ways".

But S.G. Dani, professor in the department of mathematics at the Indian
Institute of Technology Bombay, believes Vedic maths was "just a bunch
of tricks, devoid of coherence".

"It has little significance. We might as well forget it. Though it may
have a few useful bits, the aura around it makes it very damaging on the
whole," Dani told IANS over email.

Retired 85-year-old teacher and educationist Dinanath Batra, who got
American scholar Wendy Doniger's book on Hinduism pulped, is batting for
the introduction of Vedic maths in schools and universities.

Vedic Maths is favoured by those who have benefited from it and want it
introduced in the education system. Teachers of conventional mathematics
and school principals IANS spoke to agreed that it should be officially
introduced.

Sapna Jain, assistant professor in the department of mathematics in
Delhi University, told IANS that since Vedic maths has ancient roots,
those who study it will also get to know about a lot of things which
have remained buried "like the invention of zero and algebra".

"There is no harm in introducing it at the primary level in schools, at
least some parts of it. It will only make the students' base stronger.
It has been seen that students take interest when new techniques are
taught," Rekha Dwivedi, a mathematics teacher at a government school in
Dwarka in Delhi, told IANS.

She added that teachers should be first trained.

Agreed Nair, who said that introducing Vedic maths would be good
especially in Classes 6 to 9, "but without a proper pedagogy in teaching
and proper training to teachers, it might not be very effective."

It feels great to see the renewed interest of the Indian mainstream Media in the subject of Vedic Mathematics based on the works of Tirthaji - the Shankaracharya of Puri.Most of the articles have talked about the politics behind introducing Vedic Maths in India but none so far have covered the basic need of Vedic Maths in India!

Consider this...

Consider this...

75.2% of all children in Grade 5 in India can’t do Division (3 digits by 1-digit problems) – Source: ASER 2012 by Pratham.

73.7% of all children in Grade 3 in India can’t subtract (two digit problems with borrowing) – Source: ASER 2012 by Pratham.

With the number of enrollments in schools increasing, there is actually a greater number of students who are struggling with basic maths in India's Schools.Why not teach them an easier way to divide or subtract which is via Vedic Mathematics.

A section of Maths scholars cast aside vedic maths because of the dispute about its origins.In this respect the Current Shankaracharya of Puri gives one of the sources to vedic math sutras being in an ancient Indian Text.

Also some mathematicians brush away vedic maths as being short cuts or a bag of tricks. In the light of new studies published, each and every sutra has been proved mathematically and these proofs are available for all to see and learn from.

Today in India, Vedic Maths is being adopted by three universities who will launch programs in Feb 2015.The day is not far away when we will see vedic maths as being part of every university or board's curriculum.

There is great promise in Vedic Mathematics. Neha Manglik credits Vedic Maths for her stellar performance in cracking CAT, where she scored 100%.

Article by Gaurav Tekriwal,*President* , The Vedic Maths Forum India

Neha Manglik is the only woman among the 16 who scored 100 percentile
in the Common Admission Test (CAT) 2014. The results were declared on
December 28.

In an exclusive interview to *IndiaToday.in,*
Neha says she is "a solution seeker" and she honed her skills in maths
via lessons in ancient Vedic mathematics. Here are edited excepts of her
interview:

Q. So how do you feel on being lone woman CAT topper this year?

A. I'm happy and thrilled at scoring 100 percentile. But this did not happen suddenly. I have been preparing for this since I was a child. I am a solution seeker; I look for improvements. While preparing for CAT, I identified that my maths needs improvements and I require more speed in calculations. I decided to learn some easy ways, explored and discovered Vedic Mathematics. And it surely helped me to score better.

Q. Did you take any coaching in Vedic maths?

A. No. I searched online and looked for Vedic mathematics videos on YouTube and I practiced the tricks and methods for a week. And here I am with brilliant scores. Also, I took some shortcut workshops to improve my performance. I believe in finding solutions.

Q. So how do you feel on being lone woman CAT topper this year?

A. I'm happy and thrilled at scoring 100 percentile. But this did not happen suddenly. I have been preparing for this since I was a child. I am a solution seeker; I look for improvements. While preparing for CAT, I identified that my maths needs improvements and I require more speed in calculations. I decided to learn some easy ways, explored and discovered Vedic Mathematics. And it surely helped me to score better.

Q. Did you take any coaching in Vedic maths?

A. No. I searched online and looked for Vedic mathematics videos on YouTube and I practiced the tricks and methods for a week. And here I am with brilliant scores. Also, I took some shortcut workshops to improve my performance. I believe in finding solutions.

A. Well, as I said, it does not happen in a day. I was consistent in getting a command over the language. I read and write a lot. I read novels and books. I also write poems. This is how I practiced.

Q. What is your dream in life?

A. There are a lot of thoughts about my future and I definitely want a creative angle in whatever I choose to do, but what exactly I will do is not fixed. One thing I'm certain of is that I want to balance my work life with my family life. I will not compromise on family just to run after money or fame. Having said that, I always have and will continue to give my best to everything I do.

A. Yes, I will be glad to. Here you go -

Gaurav Tekriwal being awarded the Indiafrica Fellowship 2014 by Shri V.K.Singh,Minister of State of External Affairs |

As Young Visionaries,the winners receive recognition in India and Africa and get to interact with peers and industry leaders and participate in this Boot Camp to try and find ways of scaling up their enterprises and exploring avenues for partnership.

"It was absolutely a pleasure to be selected for the Young Visionaries Fellowship this year and meeting so many like minded individuals from different walks of life but with a common aim to bring about a positive change in India and Africa."

The Indiafrica Young Visionaries Fellowship Winners with Shri V.K.Singh |

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